TROY: You can see the gaping trenches left by Heinrich Schliemann, the famous German mid-19th-century amateur archeologist who first established the identity of Troy in modern times by borrowing drastically into the site and pillaging the riches he found there to send back to Germany. His pioneering work was important, but crude by today's standards, and did a great deal of damage to the site. Modern explorations continue on a more modern scientific basis, demonstrating that the layers he thought were Homeric were in fact far older.